Return of the IDPs to their villages in Lebanon
Return of the IDPs to their villages in Lebanon : Damour, Bireh and Kfar Qatra
Lebanon has known throughout its recent history internal displacements that occurred all over its territory. These forced migratory movements of temporary or definitive nature were caused by the Lebanese wars (1975-1990) and by the Israeli invasions of certain regions of the country mainly the South (1978, 1982, 1996 and 2006). One of the most important consequences of these wars was the modification of the aspect of the population, both in its geographical distribution and in its general characteristics. The end of the hostilities in 1990 and the dismantling of the front line, which divided the country in several religious territories and the disappearance of the border area in South Lebanon in 2000 favored the return of IDPs to their regions.
In order to study the return phenomenon the choice felt on the Chouf district and particularly on the three localities of Damour, Bireh and Kfar Qatra where the history of forced displacements experienced important and enduring moments. The aim was not only to asses the situation of IDPs in the Chouf, but to try to capture the dynamics of their mobility through the observation of spatial and temporary context of the three decision moments of their migratory trajectory : forced displacement, installation in the host society and the return to the place of origin.