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Consumo de sustancias psicoactivas, causas y tratamientos. Una revisión a la investigación

Consumption of Psychoactive Substances, Causes and Treatments. A Review of Research
[ES] El consumo de sustancias psicoactivas es un tema de interés para varias disciplinas de la salud, entre ellas la Psicología. Ésta se ha ocupado de indagar la etiología, las causas, las consecuencias de las adicciones y, a su vez, ha intentado profundizar en el tratamiento de las mismas. El presente artículo realiza una revisión investigativa del mencionado fenómeno enfocándose entonces en las causas y el tratamiento, desde la escuela cognitiva de la Psicología. Se espera que esta revisión motive y genere nuevos proyectos de investigación encaminados a indagar el fenómeno de forma integral.

[EN] Psychoactive substance use is an issue of interest to several health-related disciplines, among which there is psychology. This discipline has dealt with the understanding of etiology, the causes and consequences of addiction, as well as the in-depth study of its treatment. This article consists of a research review on this phenomenon by focusing on its causes and treatment, from the perspective of the cognitive school of psychology. It is expected that this review will encourage researchers to work on new projects that take a look at this phenomenon as a whole.
Arana Medina, Marcela; Sarmiento Rivera, Luis Felipe
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7 pages.-- Issue no. 8 available online at http://www.fiuc.org/cms/ANALISIS/Home/RevistaAnalisis8/
Revista Análisis 8: 159-165 (2011)
Psychoactive substances; Causes; Treatment; Cognitive model; Environment
Análisis – Vol. 8 (2011)
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